n°27 - janvier 2002

ETATS-UNIS – Ségrégation des filières

Par Inf’OGM

Publié le 18/12/2001


Réalisée à l’automne 2001, une enquête de l’Association des producteurs de maïs américain (ACGA) auprès de 1149 silos répartis dans 11 Etats du Midwest montre qu’une ségrégation entre maïs OGM et “non-OGM” est pratiquée (dans au moins 279 silos). D’autre part, 206 silos proposent des primes (jusqu’à 20 %) pour l’achat de variétés conventionnelles. Ainsi, les surfaces plantées en maïs OGM ont diminué de 10 millions d’ha en 1999 à 6,64 millions en 2001, même si les surfaces en OGM ont progressé.

American Corn Growers’ third annual survey shows more elevators requiring GMO segregation
Farm News from Cropchoice, USA, December 18, 2001

(Dec. 18, 2001 – CropChoice news) — In releasing the results of their

third annual survey of U.S. grain elevators, the American Corn Growers

Association (ACGA) reports that over half of the elevators surveyed are

requiring segregation of GMOs from non-GMO varieties either upon arrival at

the elevator or on the farm. Almost 20 percent reported offering premiums

for non-GMO corn or non-GMO soybeans. The survey included 1,149 grain

elevators in 11 mid-western states.

« The results of our survey clearly show the increasing level of concern

that grain elevators have regarding their ability to meet the needs of

foreign buyers and hold on to export customers, » said Larry Mitchell, CEO

of the ACGA.

« U.S. corn acres planted to GMO varieties dropped from about 25 million in

1999 to approximately 16.4 million in 2001, at least partly reflecting

marketing and other concerns that farmers have related to GMOs, » said Dan

McGuire, program director of the ACGA Farmer Choice – Customer First

program. « The burden of on-farm segregation, combined with the premiums

being offered for conventional, non-GMO varieties, together with the

realization that GMOs are jeopardizing export markets, are apparently

becoming stronger incentives. »

McGuire added, « This latest ACGA elevator survey only reinforces the

findings of our random national, producer survey results released this past

July. Of the producers surveyed, 78 percent stated that it is important or

very important to consider the concerns of U.S. consumers and foreign

markets when deciding what varieties to plant ; 74 percent of the corn

farmers surveyed stated that the rejection of GMO corn and soybeans by

foreign countries is contributing to low commodity prices ; and 78 percent

said they are willing to plant non-GMO corn varieties instead of biotech

GMO varieties in order to keep customers satisfied and world markets open

to U.S. corn. »

The ACGA elevator survey was conducted during the fall of 2001 in Illinois,

Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Minnesota, Nebraska,

Ohio, and South Dakota. It shows 276 elevators requiring segregation, 70

strongly suggesting segregation, 310 requiring on-farm segregation, 286

requiring farmers to schedule their delivery of grain in advance, and 206

offering premiums for non-GMO corn or soybeans. The premiums reported

ranged from 5 cents to 35 cents per bushel.

The survey was conducted as part of the ACGA’s Farmer Choice ­ Customer

First education program, which provides information regarding the issues,

connected to planting, harvesting and marketing GMOs.

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